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NEWS FROM INDIA - SEPTEMBER ISSUE

(National Level, 2024 General Election)

September 1st, the opposition alliance, I.N.D.I.A, announced its intention to participate in the 2024 general election "as much as possible" and stated that they would discuss seat allocation among the parties within I.N.D.I.A on a state-by-state basis.

 

September 2nd, the federal government considered holding simultaneous elections for Panchayats, state legislatures, and the federal lower house and established the Kovind Committee, chaired by former President Kovind, to make recommendations. The 8-member committee included Home Minister Shah, former opposition leader Azad, former lower house secretary Kashyap, and lawyer Salve. The federal government argued that simultaneous elections are in the "national interest."

 

September 3rd, Prime Minister Modi discussed the achievements of reforms backed by "stability" and "decisive responsibility" over the past 9 years in an interview with the Press Trust of India (PTI).

 

September 3rd, a day after the federal government announced the establishment of a committee for holding simultaneous elections, the Congress party criticized the "One Nation, One Election" initiative, calling it a strategy to dismantle India's federal structure.

 

September 5th, it was revealed that the Ministry of Law had inquired with the Election Commission about the required number of EVMs for simultaneous voting in 2024 and 2029, five months before the formation of the "One Nation, One Election" committee.

 

September 5th, A national debate erupted when an invitation from President Murmu for a G20 dinner was worded as "President Bharath" instead of the usual "Indian President." However, the BJP argued that Bharat's use of it is not an issue.

September 6th, Sonia Gandhi, Congress party president, sent a letter to Prime Minister Modi proposing that issues with China, Adani Group's opaque investments, Manipur, unemployment, and other matters be discussed in the special session of Parliament from September 18 to 22.

 

September 6th, voting in by-elections in 6 states (Jharkhand, Kerala, Tripura, West Bengal, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh) in 7 constituencies concluded.

 

- In the by-elections on September 5th, the first electoral activity for the opposition alliance INDIA in preparation for the 2024 general election, the results on September 8th showed that I.N.D.I.A won 4 seats, while the BJP won 3 seats.

 

A meeting of the Central Secretariat of the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) began on January 9th in Ayodhya. Discussions were held on the VHP's program to be developed throughout the country in conjunction with the "Selection Ceremony" to be held at the Ram Temple, which is scheduled to be completed next January.

 

September 11th, The BJP initiated the process of setting up 300 call centres across the country to manage the 2024 general election campaign. In a meeting held on September 1 by Home Minister Shah, a plan was discussed to appoint campaign coordinators for each of the 10 zones in the country to organize and manage the campaign.

 

September 12th, the BJP announced its efforts to reach out to the needy, support traditional artisans, and extend medical services to remote areas across India on Prime Minister Modi's 73rd birthday, which falls on September 17.

 

September 13th, the federal lower house announced that during the special session to be held from the 18th, discussions would be conducted on the journey of the Indian Parliament from the Constituent Assembly to today, its achievements, experiences, and four bills, including the "Election Commission Chairman and Other Election Commissioners (Appointment, Terms, and Service) Bill."

September 13th, the opposition alliance I.N.D.I.A decided to start the seat allocation for state-level elections without relying on uniform strategies.

 

- During the special session held from September 18th to 22nd, the "Love Law" (128th Amendment) bill, which requires the reservation of 33% of seats in the federal lower house and state assemblies for women, was passed in the lower house on the 21st and unanimously approved in the upper house.

 

September 21st, the federal government and the Election Commission decided not to hold by-elections in the Haryana Ambala constituency, Maharashtra Pune constituency, Maharashtra Chandrapur constituency, and Uttar Pradesh Gazipur constituency due to the terms of the members being less than one year.

 

September 22nd, it was officially confirmed by the leaders of both parties that the Janata Dal (Secular), a secular faction of the People's Party, would join the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) led by the BJP and fight the upcoming elections, including the 2024 general election, together.

 

September 23rd, the high-level committee on "One Nation, One Election," chaired by former President Kovind, decided to invite national and state political parties and the Indian Law Commission to the first meeting to gather opinions on the simultaneous conduct of elections for the lower house, state legislatures, and Panchayats.

 

September 25th, the Chief Minister of Bihar, Kumar, and the Chief Minister of Yadav attended the birth anniversary event of Deendayal Upadhyaya, a former member of the Indian Popular Front, and an RSS ideologue, held in Patna.

 

September 25th, the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) unanimously announced at a high-level party meeting in Chennai that they would withdraw from the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) led by the BJP and dissolve their relationship with the BJP.

(Punjab State)

September 5th, senior members of the Congress party in the Punjab State Assembly strongly opposed an alliance with the Aam Aadmi Party in the general elections.

 

September 6th, An Aam Aadmi Party member of the Punjab State Assembly stated that they would contest all 18 seats in the 2024 general election without cooperating with Congress.

 

(Assam State)

September 1st, Assam Chief Minister Sarma met with Home Minister Shah to discuss a roadmap for the complete withdrawal of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) from 8 districts within the state.

 

(Tamil Nadu State)

September 3rd, following remarks by Udhayanidhi, the son of Tamil Nadu's Chief Minister, calling for the eradication of "Sanatana Dharma," Home Minister Shah criticized the comments as an insult to the Hindu community, and the BJP has appealed to the Supreme Court, characterizing the remarks as hate speech.

 

(Telangana State)

September 4th, the Congress party announced its plan to launch a campaign for the Telangana State Assembly elections at a meeting in Hyderabad on September 17, focusing on a "5 Guarantees" welfare system.

 

(Odisha State)

September 31st, Odisha Chief Minister Patnaik requested a review of election preparedness in preparation for "early elections" from senior leaders of the Biju Janata Dal (BJD).

 

(Rajasthan State)

September 6th, the Congress party established several committees, including a public opinion survey committee, in preparation for the Rajasthan State Assembly elections.

 

September 28th, Home Minister Shah and BJP President Nadda discussed election strategies for the Rajasthan State Assembly elections with local politicians and urged them to put aside their differences.

 

(Madhya Pradesh State)

September 6th, the "Jan Ashirwad Yatra" (Blessings from the Masses Campaign) being held in Madhya Pradesh was disrupted. The next day, Chief Minister Chouhan stated that the Congress was behind the disruption.

 

September 25th, the BJP added three Union Ministers, including Agriculture Minister Tomar, Rural Development Minister Kataria, and Food Processing Minister Batehel, along with several Members of Parliament, to the second candidate list for the Madhya Pradesh State Assembly elections.

 

 

(Delhi Union Territory)

September 7th, the BJP launched "Mission 2024" to target a broad support base for the 2024 tax election, both online and offline. They began recruiting volunteers in Delhi, with a focus on volunteers' activities on social media. The achievements of the Modi government by YouTubers were welcomed.

 

(Manipur State)

September 2nd, the Manipur state government evacuated the last 10 households of the Kuki community living in Imphal.

 

September 6th, the Supreme Court recommended that the Manipur state government formulate a plan to identify and retrieve firearms, regardless of ownership or affiliation, to improve law and order.

 

September 8th, two shooting incidents occurred in the Tenoubal district of Manipur, resulting in 2 fatalities and nearly 50 injuries. Security authorities noted a new trend of tension in Naga-inhabited areas.

 

September 9th, amid ongoing unrest in Manipur, the state has requested the central government to extend the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) for an additional 6 months. In contrast, Assam is seeking the exclusion of the entire state from AFSPA's designation as a "disturbed area" starting October 1.

 

September 21st, security forces fired upon protesters, including women from the Meitei community, who were demanding the unconditional release of 5 youths detained by Manipur's police special force. At least 30 people were injured.

 

September 22nd, an Imphal court granted bail to 5 men who were arrested under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) and the Official Secrets Act on the grounds of firearm possession.

 

September 23rd, Chief Minister Singh stated that the Manipur government has requested the central government to temporarily suspend the Free Movement Regime (FMR) along the India-Myanmar border, describing it as a measure to curb "illegal immigrants."

 

September 26th, following renewed protests due to the killing of 2 students in Manipur, the state government suspended mobile internet services for 5 days. Many students took to the streets, demanding justice for the victims and marching towards Chief Minister Singh's residence.

 

(Nagaland State)

September 12th, the Nagaland State Assembly, belonging to the ruling coalition NDP, unanimously passed a resolution to exclude the state from the applicability of the Uniform Civil Code (UCC).

 

(Andhra Pradesh State)

September 8th, the leader of the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) and former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Naidu, was arrested by the Andhra Pradesh police on suspicion of corruption.

 

(Karnataka State)

September 10th, Chief Minister Gowda, the leader of the secular faction of the Janata Dal (Secular), conducted discussions regarding an alliance with the BJP in Karnataka for the 2024 general election, but a consensus on seat allocation has not been reached yet.

 

(Madhya Pradesh State, Chhattisgarh State)

September 8th, shortly after agreeing to an early announcement of seat allocation for the 2024 general election at a Mumbai meeting of the opposition alliance INDIA, the Aam Aadmi Party decided to contest the state assembly elections in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh independently and announced 10 candidates in each state.

 

(Maharashtra State)

September 10th, the Congress Maharashtra chapter's leader, Patil, stated that the party would raise issues related to farmers and unemployment during the special session scheduled from September 18 to 22.

 

(Maharashtra State)

September 10th, the Congress leader in Maharashtra, Patil, announced that the party would raise issues related to farmers and unemployment during the special session scheduled from September 18 to 22. This comes as the federal government indicated its intention to declare Mumbai a federally administered territory, separating it from the rest of Maharashtra.

 

(Mizoram State)

September 28th, the Mizoram state government refused to collect biometric data of Myanmar refugees within the state, defying the instructions of the federal government.

 

(Chhattisgarh State)

September 25th, Congress MP Rahul Gandhi announced a new scheme, "Chhattisgarh Gramin Awas NYAY Yojana," aimed at providing housing and unemployment allowances to homeless households and over 600,000 households currently on the waiting list under the federal government's existing schemes, for the development of Chhattisgarh.

 

(Karnataka State and Tamil Nadu State)

- Protests erupted in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu over the distribution of water from the Cauvery River. Farmers expressed their discontent in various ways. This long-standing dispute, with a history of 150 years, led to public protests in both states, causing disruptions in daily life. While protests were reported, there were no reports of violence or vandalism. The instigators of the demonstrations held rallies in both states, with both state governments maintaining their positions and accusing opposition parties of political exploitation of the issue.

Diplomacy

 

( ASEAN Relations)

From September 6th to the 7th, Prime Minister Modi visited Jakarta, Indonesia, at the invitation of President Joko Widodo, to attend the 20th ASEAN-India Summit and the 18th East Asia Summit.

 

(India-G20 Relations)

September 18th G20 Summit took place in Delhi from the 9th to the 10th.

 

(India-USA Relations)

 Prime Minister Modi met with President Joe Biden of the United States during his visit to India for the G20 Summit. President Biden's visit was his first as President. Prime Minister Modi expressed gratitude for President Biden's commitment to strengthening the comprehensive strategic global partnership between India and the United States, based on shared democratic values and a strong personal relationship.

 

(India-UK Relations)

September 9th, Prime Minister Modi met with Prime Minister Boris Johnson of the United Kingdom during his visit to India for the G20 Summit. The two leaders discussed the evolving India-UK Comprehensive Strategic Partnership and the Roadmap 2030, expressing satisfaction with the development of bilateral relations in various areas, including economics, defence and security, technology, climate change, and more. They also exchanged views on international and regional issues of mutual interest.

 

(India-South Korea Relations)

September 10th, Prime Minister Modi met with the President of South Korea on the sidelines of the G20 Summit. The South Korean President congratulated the success of the Chandrayaan Mission.

 

(India-Germany Relations)

September 10th, Prime Minister Modi held discussions with Chancellor Scholz of Germany on the sidelines of the G20 Summit. Chancellor Scholz's visit to India marked his second visit as a guest of honour since February. They discussed various aspects, including trade and investment, defence and security, civil aviation, and maritime transport.

 

(India-Japan Relations)

September 9th, Prime Minister Modi held talks with Prime Minister Kishida of Japan on the sidelines of the G20 Summit. During the meeting, both leaders reaffirmed the constructive dialogue that has taken place between the two countries throughout the year, emphasizing that they are strategic partners within the G20 and the G7.

  1. Prime Minister Modi expressed his appreciation for Prime Minister Kishida's visit to India and thanked him for Japan's cooperation in the success of the G20 New Delhi Summit. He also praised Japan's economic growth under Prime Minister Kishida's leadership, which is highly regarded in India.

 

  2. Prime Minister Kishida expressed his gratitude for Prime Minister Modi's participation in the G7 Hiroshima Summit and expressed his willingness to build on the achievements of the G7 Hiroshima Summit and contribute to the success of the G20 New Delhi Summit. He also congratulated Prime Minister Modi on the historic moon landing success of India's lunar probe, Chandrayaan-3. Both leaders agreed to collaborate in advanced technology sectors, including space, to maintain and strengthen a free and open international order based on the rule of law.

 

  3. Prime Minister Kishida acknowledged the steady progress in India-Japan relations in recent years and requested cooperation from India in improving the investment environment in India to achieve the goal of providing 5 trillion yen of official and private investment to India in the next five years, as announced in March last year.

 

  4. Both leaders welcomed the progress of the High-Speed Rail Project, a flagship project in India-Japan relations, for which the disbursement of the fifth instalment of the 400 billion yen loan is underway.

 

  5. They expressed their satisfaction with the various activities conducted under the "India Tourism and Cultural Exchange Year," a bilateral initiative announced in March this year. They agreed to continue enhancing bilateral ties and strengthening relations.

 

(India-Japan Cyber Dialogue)

September 13th, the Japanese government hosted the 5th India-Japan Cyber Dialogue in Tokyo. The Indian delegation was led by Mr Saiawiwie, Director of the Cyber Diplomacy Policy Division at the Ministry of External Affairs, and the Japanese delegation was led by Ambassador Iseguro, Director-General of the International Security and Cyber Policy Bureau at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

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